Lesson 1 - Gravity and Vacuum Filling


Gravity filling; Vacuum pump construction and installation; Vacuum, gravity, balanced, and submerged filling; Fill height and container control

Learning Objectives:
– List the main advantage and disadvantages of gravity filling and vacuum filling methods.
– Tell what kinds of vacuum pumps are commonly used in filling applications.
– Describe the construction and operation of vane and piston pumps.
– Compare and contrast vacuum filling, gravity/vacuum filling, balanced vacuum filling, and submerged vacuum filling.
– Explain various methods of fill height and container control.

Lesson 2 - Bottle Filling and Capping


Volumetric filling; Auger feed pumps; Volumetric-displacement, constant-level filling machines; Counter-pressure filling; Capping; Sealing

Learning Objectives:
– List some of the factors considered when selecting a bottle filling machine.
– Explain the operation of, piston-type, auger, volumetric-displacement, and constant-level filling machines.
– Describe the various kinds of bottle capping and sealing.
– List the major maintenance requirements of liquid filling machines.

Lesson 3 - Pressure Liquid Filling


Indexing pressure fillers; Indexing container control; Continuous motion, rotary pressure fillers; Filling nozzles; Filling control

Learning Objectives:
– Name the most important advantage of using positive displacement pumps on pressure filling machines.
– Name the two classifications of pressure fillers.
– List possible causes of filling inaccuracies.
– Explain the importance of proper fluid velocity in filling machine operation.

Lesson 4 - Aerosol Fillers


Aerosol container construction and valves; Propellants; Container, cold, and pressure filling; Safety testing; Drying; Capping; Accessories

Learning Objectives:
– Explain the concept of aerosol filling.
– Describe metal container and aerosol valve construction.
– Name and describe the two methods of aerosol container filling.
– Explain the operation of the individual stations in a filling line.
– Describe the process by which aerosol containers are safety tested.

Lesson 5 - Bag Forming and Filling


Bag materials and construction; Bag forming; Film extrusion; Bag filling machines; Bag machinery maintenance

Learning Objectives:
– List commonly used bag materials and their typical applications.
– Explain the various bag constructions and related terminology.
– Describe the film extrusion method of bag forming.
– Explain the operation of bag filling machines.
– List the major maintenance requirements of bagging machinery.

Lesson 6 - Pouch Filling


Pouch materials and control; Vertical filling machines; Horizontal and vertical pouch filling and modifications; Continuous motion fillers

Learning Objectives:
– Tell how pouch filling machines are classified.
– Name the three types of vertical seals made on vertical form, fill, and seal machines, and tell when each is used.
– Explain the vertical filling machine operating sequence.
– Name the two methods of classifying pouch filling machines that handle the film horizontally, and give advantages of each.

Lesson 7 - Volumetric Filling Machines


Balance point measuring; Measuring by volume, weight; Intermittent motion fillers; Continuous motion, draw, and liquid volumetric filling

Learning Objectives:
– Give examples of products that can be handled by volumetric fillers.
– Explain how volumetric filling machines are identified.
– Describe the operation of volumetric filling machines.
– Describe the various methods of measuring products packaged on volumetric filling machines.
– Explain how liquid volumetric filling is controlled.

Lesson 8 - Filling by Count


Filling by count; Flat plate and disk sorters; Column measuring; Electronic counting; Strip, blister packaging machines; Cottoning devices

Learning Objectives:
– Give examples of products that are commonly packaged by count.
– Describe three methods of counting product in a fill by count machine.
– Define the term strip packaging, name its two classifications.
– Give an example of a product packaged by each of the two strip packaging methods.

Lesson 9 - Positive Displacement Filling


Controlling the fill; Automatic and manual filling machines; Timing control; Continuous motion filling machines; Rotary filling; Maintenance

Learning Objectives:
– Trace the positive displacement filling cycle.
– Name the kinds of pumps used to fill containers on positive displacement filling machines.
– Describe the controls associated with positive displacement filling systems.
– List important points in the maintenance of positive displacement filling machines.

Lesson 10 - Blister Packing


Blister films and cards; Reducing blister failures; Test procedures; Seal examination and evaluation; Product compatibility; Blister forming and sealing

Learning Objectives:
– Define the term thermoforming.
– Describe the film and card materials commonly used in blister packing.
– Give several examples of problems that can cause blister failures.
– Describe the tests and evaluations performed on blister package seals.
– Tell what kind of film is most often used with inline blister forming machines.