Lesson 1 - Layout and Hand Tools


Safety clothing, accessories, and equipment; Layout tools; Framing square; Chalk box and line; Vises and clamps; Hand tools

Learning Objectives:
– Identify the safety equipment that a carpenter should wear to protect his eyes, hands, and feet.
– List the twelve common layout tools mentioned in this Lesson.
– Describe how to check the accuracy of a framing square.
– Tell how you would acquire the hand tools you need as a carpenter trainee.
– Point out the features that you'd look for when buying your own toolbox.

Lesson 2 - Carpenter's Power Tools


Power tool safety; Circular, saber, and reciprocating saw; Power drill and plane; Routers; Sanders; Nailers and tackers; Powder-actuated tools

Learning Objectives:
– List the twelve safety rules for power tools mentioned in this Lesson.
– Explain how to mount a new blade properly in a circular saw.
– Tell how to start and finish a cut with a circular saw.
– Describe how to drill wood safely with a power drill.
– Tell how to shape an edge with a router.
– Identify the three steps involved in sanding a surface with a finishing sander.

Lesson 3 - Lumber, Wood Products, and Fasteners


Hardwood vs softwood; Lumber sizing, grades, and defects; Moisture content; Millwork; Plywood; Hard and particle board; Storage; Nails; Screws

Learning Objectives:
– Describe the difference between the actual and nominal dimensions of lumber.
– Tell how defects such as checks, knots, and warping limit the value and use of lumber.
– Explain how kiln drying of lumber produces different results from air drying.
– Point out the differences between solid core and veneer core plywood.
– Describe the construction and uses of particleboard.
– Compare common nails, casing nails, and finishing nails.
– List the information you must give your supplier when ordering wood screws.

Lesson 4 - Estimating Carpentry Costs


Ordering materials; Reducing and using waste material; Bill of materials; Preparing a cost estimate; Tips for organizing a task

Learning Objectives:
– Explain the difference between a board foot and a linear foot of lumber.
– Describe the relationship between a bundle and a square of roofing shingles.
– List the information contained in a bill of material.
– Name the factors you need to prepare a cost estimate for labor on a job.
– Point out some of the things you must do before beginning a job, so the work goes smoothly.

Lesson 5 - Plans, Specifications, and Codes


Reading drawings; Dimensions on drawings; Symbols in drawings; Equipment schedules; Building codes and permits; Zoning laws

Learning Objectives:
– Name the features of a building that you'll find in the plan and elevation views.
– Demonstrate how to use an architect's scale and a draftsman's scale.
– List at least four building features whose details are contained in the specifications.
– Explain why building codes are necessary in the construction industry.
– Describe the information you must submit to obtain a building permit.