Lesson 1 - Basic Plant Care


Plant structure; Organic matter in soils; Acidity, alkalinity of soils; Macronutrients; Micronutrients; Soil temperatures

Learning Objectives:
– Explain the importance of understanding and using a uniform plant identification system, and name the classifications into which plants are grouped.
– List six essentials of plant life.
– Describe the pH scale and tell how the acidity or alkalinity of a soil affects plant growth.
– Tell how to recognize the symptoms of overwatering and underwatering.
– Name at least four nutrients plants need, explain why is needed, and tell how to recognize a lack of overabundance of each.

Lesson 2 - Shade Trees


Tree shapes, sizes, textures, and colors; Hardiness; Growth rate; Handling and transporting nursery stock; Storing, planting, watering, and pruning trees

Learning Objectives:
– Give examples of the following: course-textured, medium-textured, and fine-textured trees.
– Describe the three ways in which nursery stock is normally offered for sale.
– List and explain the five steps involved in planting a landscape tree.
– Tell why trees may require pruning and describe the two basic pruning cuts.
– Summarize the safety rules that apply when doing tree maintenance work.

Lesson 3 - Turf Management


Cool and warm season grasses; Mowing, fertilizing, and watering; Light and shade; Seeding, sodding, plugging, sprigging, and stolonizing; Pests and weeds

Learning Objectives:
– Tell how lawns and grass plants differ from other types of landscape plants.
– Define and give examples of cool season grasses and warm season grasses.
– Discuss the importance of proper mowing.
– List three things to keep in mind when watering turf.
– Describe how to establish turf by plugging and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of this method.

Lesson 4 - Shrub and Flower Care


Characteristics and types of shrubs; Hedges; Planting, care of shrubs; Ground cover; Vines; Flowers; Annuals; Biennials; Perennials; Bulbs

Learning Objectives:
– List several things to consider when selecting shrubs.
– Explain the different kinds of pruning required by different kinds of shrubs-for example, spring-flowering shrubs, roses, narrow-leafed evergreens, and hedges.
– Explain how to plant and care for vines.
– Name and define the three classes into which flowers fall.
– Give several examples of hardy bulbs and tender bulbs and compare and contrast the methods of care each requires.

Lesson 5 - Pest and Disease Control


Viruses, bacteria, fungi, insects, galls, and weeds; Pesticides; Spraying equipment; Other equipment for pest and weed control; Safety

Learning Objectives:
– Recognize fungi and the symptoms of bacteria disease and tell how to control them.
– Identify several living things that help control insects.
– Name several different kinds of pesticides and the ways in which they work.
– Explain the different kinds of pesticides and the ways in which they work.
– List several things to consider when choosing where each is used.
– Describe some of the many forms in which pesticides come and ways in which they are applied.