Lesson 1 - Gravity and Vacuum Filling
Gravity filling; Vacuum pump construction and installation; Vacuum, gravity, balanced, and submerged filling; Fill height and container control
Learning Objectives:– List the main advantage and disadvantages of gravity filling and vacuum filling methods.
– Tell what kinds of vacuum pumps are commonly used in filling applications.
– Describe the construction and operation of vane and piston pumps.
– Compare and contrast vacuum filling, gravity/vacuum filling, balanced vacuum filling, and submerged vacuum filling.
– Explain various methods of fill height and container control.
Lesson 2 - Bottle Filling and Capping
Volumetric filling; Auger feed pumps; Volumetric-displacement, constant-level filling machines; Counter-pressure filling; Capping; Sealing
Learning Objectives:– List some of the factors considered when selecting a bottle filling machine.
– Explain the operation of, piston-type, auger, volumetric-displacement, and constant-level filling machines.
– Describe the various kinds of bottle capping and sealing.
– List the major maintenance requirements of liquid filling machines.
Lesson 3 - Pressure Liquid Filling
Indexing pressure fillers; Indexing container control; Continuous motion, rotary pressure fillers; Filling nozzles; Filling control
Learning Objectives:– Name the most important advantage of using positive displacement pumps on pressure filling machines.
– Name the two classifications of pressure fillers.
– List possible causes of filling inaccuracies.
– Explain the importance of proper fluid velocity in filling machine operation.
Lesson 4 - Aerosol Fillers
Aerosol container construction and valves; Propellants; Container, cold, and pressure filling; Safety testing; Drying; Capping; Accessories
Learning Objectives:– Explain the concept of aerosol filling.
– Describe metal container and aerosol valve construction.
– Name and describe the two methods of aerosol container filling.
– Explain the operation of the individual stations in a filling line.
– Describe the process by which aerosol containers are safety tested.
Lesson 5 - Bag Forming and Filling
Bag materials and construction; Bag forming; Film extrusion; Bag filling machines; Bag machinery maintenance
Learning Objectives:– List commonly used bag materials and their typical applications.
– Explain the various bag constructions and related terminology.
– Describe the film extrusion method of bag forming.
– Explain the operation of bag filling machines.
– List the major maintenance requirements of bagging machinery.
Lesson 6 - Pouch Filling
Pouch materials and control; Vertical filling machines; Horizontal and vertical pouch filling and modifications; Continuous motion fillers
Learning Objectives:– Tell how pouch filling machines are classified.
– Name the three types of vertical seals made on vertical form, fill, and seal machines, and tell when each is used.
– Explain the vertical filling machine operating sequence.
– Name the two methods of classifying pouch filling machines that handle the film horizontally, and give advantages of each.
Lesson 7 - Volumetric Filling Machines
Balance point measuring; Measuring by volume, weight; Intermittent motion fillers; Continuous motion, draw, and liquid volumetric filling
Learning Objectives:– Give examples of products that can be handled by volumetric fillers.
– Explain how volumetric filling machines are identified.
– Describe the operation of volumetric filling machines.
– Describe the various methods of measuring products packaged on volumetric filling machines.
– Explain how liquid volumetric filling is controlled.
Lesson 8 - Filling by Count
Filling by count; Flat plate and disk sorters; Column measuring; Electronic counting; Strip, blister packaging machines; Cottoning devices
Learning Objectives:– Give examples of products that are commonly packaged by count.
– Describe three methods of counting product in a fill by count machine.
– Define the term strip packaging, name its two classifications.
– Give an example of a product packaged by each of the two strip packaging methods.
Lesson 9 - Positive Displacement Filling
Controlling the fill; Automatic and manual filling machines; Timing control; Continuous motion filling machines; Rotary filling; Maintenance
Learning Objectives:– Trace the positive displacement filling cycle.
– Name the kinds of pumps used to fill containers on positive displacement filling machines.
– Describe the controls associated with positive displacement filling systems.
– List important points in the maintenance of positive displacement filling machines.
Lesson 10 - Blister Packing
Blister films and cards; Reducing blister failures; Test procedures; Seal examination and evaluation; Product compatibility; Blister forming and sealing
Learning Objectives:– Define the term thermoforming.
– Describe the film and card materials commonly used in blister packing.
– Give several examples of problems that can cause blister failures.
– Describe the tests and evaluations performed on blister package seals.
– Tell what kind of film is most often used with inline blister forming machines.