Lesson 1 - Computer Basics


Mainframes, minis, and micros; Hardware, software, and firmware; Bits, bytes, and nibbles; Number systems; Applications; Computer terminology

Learning Objectives:
– Explain the principal differences between mainframe computers, minicomputers, and microcomputers.
– Define the terms hardware, software, and firmware as they relate to a computer system.
– Define a bit, a byte, and a nibble.
– Explain three number systems used by computers.
– List three common computer applications.

Lesson 2 - Computer Hardware


CPU operations; ROM, RAM, and I/O circuits; Peripherals; Storage devices; Monitors; Printers; Keyboards; Pointing devices; Scanners; Modems and fax machines; ADCs and DACs

Learning Objectives:

– Define peripheral equipment.
– Explain the function and operation of a central processing unit (CPU).
– Describe the different types of fast memory devices used by computers.
– Discuss the function and operation of I/O devices.
– Describe the different types of mass storage devices used by computers.
– Explain the term data interface as applied to a computer system.
– Explain the functions of an ADC and a DAC in a computer system.

Lesson 3 - Computer Software


Instruction sets; Algorithms; Programs; Programming languages; Flow diagrams; Compilers; Interpreters; Operating systems

Learning Objectives:
– Explain the two essential elements of computer software-instruction sets and algorithms.
– Describe how a software flow diagram is used.
– Identify the three levels of computer programming languages.
– Explain what interpreters and compilers do.
– Describe the functions of an operating system.

Lesson 4 - Computers and Microprocessors


Physical properties; Microprocessor architecture and types; Instruction sets; Co-processors and single-chip microcomputers

Learning Objectives:
– Explain the elements of microprocessor architecture.
– Discuss the different microprocessor characteristics.
– Discuss the different physical properties of a microprocessor.
– Explain the functions of the three kinds of buses used by computer systems.
– Name the elements of a single-chip microcomputer.

Lesson 5 - Microprocessor Applications


Application categories; Logic system replacement; Industrial, business, and consumer applications; Future trends

Learning Objectives:
– Explain how and why microprocessors are used for logic system replacement.
– Discuss several industrial applications of microprocessors.
– Explain how microprocessors can simplify office procedures and improve business productivity.
– Give several examples of how microprocessors are used in consumer products.